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Jesus accepted the Old Testament Scriptures as being divinely authoritative; He never cast doubt on any of the accounts recorded in it. The religion of the Old Testament is the embryo of Christianity. (Isaiah 42:1-9, 49:3-13, 52:13-53:12) Messiah, the Servant of the Lord, would die to take away Israel’s sin. But they all looked by faith to the same Savior and were led by the same Spirit as ourselves. Core Truth: The life, death, and resurrection of Jesus reenact and fulfill the Old Testament story. He says, "Don't think that I came to destroy the law, or the prophets. All rights reserved. Jesus drew people to him. On the Cross, Jesus completed the work as the great Mediator between God and man. This also is what is meant by Jesus when he said that he came not to abolish the law but to fulfill it, (Matthew 5:17). (Hebrews 9). Get The Fulfillment: Jesus and the Old Testament by Timothy Tennent to learn more about how Jesus fulfills the story of God and fulfills prophecy in a special way.. 1. He is the Lamb of God, who fulfills Israel’s worship by sacrifice. The New Testament is the gospel in full flower. “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt.” (Jeremiah 31:32, Hebrews 8-9), At the Last Passover, the memorial of the Old Covenant, Jesus took bread and the cup, establishing the memorial of the New Covenant, the Lord’s Supper. Come, Lord Jesus.” (Revelation 22:20). The Old Testament is the gospel in the bud. Conservatively, Jesus fulfilled at least 300 prophecies in His earthly ministry. J. Barton Payne in his Encyclopedia of Bible Prophecy, gives a list of 191 prophecies that he deems as … But how does a sinner come near to God through Christ? Over and over again, Israel turns away. What Scriptures taught such a sad fate for the Messiah? He fulfilled an old one. The History of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America from 1528 to 2004, The History of the Broomall, PA Congregation of the RPCNA. Faithful Jews, however, believed Jeremiah’s word and similar prophecies by Isaiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Micah, Zechariah, and all the prophets: that God would one day raise up a son of David to sit on his throne. Christians are commanded to read the Old Testament and are allowed to benefit from it, but they do not take everything in it as final. When Jesus asked his disciples, “But who do you say that I am?” Peter answered for them all: “You are the Christ.” (Mark 8:29) When we call Jesus of Nazareth “Jesus Christ,” we confess that He is the Messiah, the son of David, sitting on His throne in the heavenly Jerusalem. How Does Jesus Fulfill the Law and the Prophets? If He would render Himself as a guilt offering, He will see His offspring, He will prolong His days.” (Isaiah 53:10) David himself, Peter noted on the Day of Pentecost, prophesied Messiah’s Resurrection in Psalm 16 when he wrote, “Thou wilt not suffer Thy Holy One to undergo decay.” (Psalm 16:8-11, Acts 2:25-31) And Jesus Himself said many times that He would rise on the third day. Messiah would be born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14) Fulfilled in Matthew 1:22-23; Luke 1:26-31. Trinity. The early church debated and searched the Scriptures for the answer to that question. The Old Covenant is recorded in Exodus 19-24 and more generally in Exodus to Deuteronomy. He is Emmanuel, as Isaiah prophesied, meaning “God with us.” (Isaiah 7:14, Matthew 1:23) “For a child will be born to us,” Isaiah wrote elsewhere. Jesus is God’s agent to bring salvation to a lost humanity and heal a broken world. He never said, “Thus saith the Lord,” the common introductory claim of God’s prophets. This article lists many references to the Old Testament found on the lips of Jesus in the Gospels. At the same time we are going to work forward through the New Testament. “How was Abraham justified?” By faith, the Bible says. Throughout the Gospels, we find Jesus confirming many of the accounts in the Old Testament, such as the destruction of Sodom and the death of Lot’s wife (Luke 17:29, 32) the murder of Abel by his brother Cain (Luke 11:51), the calling of Moses (Mark 12:26), and the manna given in the wilderness (John 6:31–51). The canon of Scripture closes with the witness of His immediate followers. Nebuchadnezzar conquered Jerusalem, destroyed the Temple, took Israel into captivity in Babylon, and left no son of David on the throne. The books of the Old Testament contain many passages about the Messiah—all prophecies Jesus Christ fulfilled. What is the Reformed Presbyterian Church? Jesus fulfilled the prophetic promise of a Messiah, but He is much more than another David ruling Israel. Jesus fulfilled all the Old Covenant types and shadows. A Congregation in the Atlantic Presbyteryof the, “These are my words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things which are written about Me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.” Then He opened their minds to understand the Scriptures. I would. Paul writes: “For as through one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of One the many will be made righteous.” (Romans 5:19; see I Corinthians 15:45). Jesus is both David’s heir and the fulfillment of sacrificial worship. The Old Covenant is to the New Covenant what promise is to fulfillment. But in Christ the Second Adam all is renewed. But God had promised David in a covenant that a son of his would always sit on the throne in Jerusalem. Does he have to be circumcised according to the Law of Moses and also believe in Christ? First, they understood that He is the Messiah, the Son of David. Besides fulfilling Israel’s worship and its Mediatorial offices, Jesus fulfilled the Mosaic Covenant by bringing Israel’s calling among the nations to perfect completion. Christmas is about celebrating our true inheritance- Christ himself. Put another way, the Old Testament is like an intricate … Daily, weekly, and especially at the great feasts, the priests at the temple sacrificed animals on the altar. Old Testament prophecies are repeatedly fulfilled in the life and actions of Jesus as Messiah in the New Testament. Jesus Spoke God's Words The words of Jesus were prophetic - they spoke forth God's Word. Sinai. Jesus is the great fulfillment of these Old Testament symbols. To it, Christ refers His people as their rule and guide for holy living. The Scriptures written in connection with the Old Covenant contain: 1) the Law, with Genesis as a Prologue to the Covenant; 2) the Prophets, Early: Joshua to II Kings, covering the history of Israel in Canaan, and Later: Isaiah to Malachi; and 3) the Writings, I Chronicles to Song of Solomon, covering Israel’s later history and its Wisdom literature. Sacrifices had to keep being offered over and over again for the same sins; hence they weren’t efficacious. He is much more than another David. He is both. We are going to begin with the Later Prophets and generally work backward through the Old Testament. (Revelation 5:6) If a person will not have Christ as King, he will not have Him as sacrifice either. Jesus, in fact, spoke as One greater than the prophets. All the promises of God in the Old Testament are fulfilled in Jesus Christ. For them God’s plan of salvation unfolded with the Israelites, then was added to and redefined by Christ. Or does he only have to repent and believe in Christ? 1. Does a person have to do the works of the Law in order to be saved? In sum, His interpretation is this: “You search the Scriptures, because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is these that bear witness of Me.” (John 5:39) Jesus did not start a new religion. However, He is both King and Lamb. The Old Testament, though often thought of as filled with dry history, contains important tests concerning Christ's claims to be the Son of God and the Messiah. They have been organized by the three divisions of the Old Testament: Torah (Five Books of Moses), Prophets (or Neviim), and Writings (or Ketuvim). Then they understood that Jesus is the One Seed of Abraham Who inherits the covenant promises made to Abraham. Jesus … California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Tabernacle furniture was a constant reminder of man’s sinfulness and need for a Savior. The argument stems from several key Scriptures: Isaiah 11:1-9, Isaiah 2:3-4, and Micah 4:2-3. God accepted Abraham by faith long before He gave the Law to Moses and even before God told Abraham to observe circumcision. He has conquered death, and when He comes we will be raised and become perfect as He is perfect. ... the Old Testament scriptures. That is why it is through him that we utter our Amen to God for his glory. What's Important about Jesus Not Breaking Any Bones? Jesus fulfilled the type and shadow of Elisha. Jesus! Jesus and the apostles repeatedly cited OT Scripture that proved Him the Messiah. I.E. Israel was supposed to be a light to the nations, revealing the One True God to all people. Is it Okay to Watch Football on the TV on Sundays? When he saw Jesus, he said, “Behold the lamb of God which takes away the sin of the world.” (John 1:29). One should not overlook what the Lord Jesus himself said: “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them” (Matthew 5:17). Since then everyone has died. Instead, I plan to show how Jesus of Nazareth fulfills all of the promises made by God in His covenants with David, Israel, Abraham, and Adam. (Matthew 7:28-29) Here is a sample of how Jesus taught as He revealed the depths of the moral law. “And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. Exodus 33:11 And the Lord spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. He was at war with Satan, resisting His temptations and casting out demons. He does not say, ‘And to seeds,’ as referring to many, but rather to one, ‘And to your seed,’ that is Christ.” (Galatians 3:16) Isaac, whom Abraham almost sacrificed at God’s command, was only an illustration, a type, of Christ. After a four hundred year rule King David’s dynasty ended. Jesus does three things to complete what the Old Testament started. The New Testament says the following about the prophetic ministry of Jesus. Jesus’ followers first understood how He fulfilled the Covenant with David, second how He fulfilled the Mosaic Covenant, and later how He fulfilled the Covenants with Abraham and Adam. Prophet: In the old testament a prophet was typically one that communed with God to get revelation for the Israelites and was head of the 'church.' The relation between our Lord's teaching and that of the Old Testament is cleared up by our Lord in one striking sentence. In its right place it is just as important as "the glorious gospel." Notice that in seeing how Jesus fulfilled the prophesies about the Messiah, we have moved backward in time from the Covenant with David, to the Mosaic Covenant (which Jeremiah labels Old and which gives its name to the Old Testament Scriptures), and now to the Covenant with Abraham. 3. (I Corinthians 13:12) We cannot yet eat from the Tree of Life. Like Isaac, whose birth was miraculous, Jesus miraculously was born to fulfill the covenant made with Abraham and to fulfill every promise God ever made to mankind. His followers are encouraged—commanded—to read it. Moses. I didn't come to destroy, but to fulfill" (Matthew 5:17). But Jerusalem fell, and for six hundred years no son of David sat on the throne. How Can God Make Good What Was Meant for Evil? What animal sacrifices did was foretell the coming perfect sacrifice, Jesus, the Savior. To the serpent God said, “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, and you shall bruise him on the heel.” (Genesis 3:15) God would not allow friendship between man and Satan to last. The Mosaic Covenant was a temporary application of God’s promises to Abraham until the true heir of those promises, Jesus, was born. What does the New Testament say about Jesus? He is much more in three ways. The prophet Jeremiah witnessed Jerusalem’s fall and the crisis of faith godly Israelites felt. Jesus fulfilled all of the Temple worship. That story is complex. At best in this life we see only dimly in a mirror. Jesus, in his prophetic ministry, fulfilled the role of a prophet. Today, it is sometimes the opposite. Not only did Elisha have as his forerunner Elijah in the Old Testament, but Jesus had as His fore-runner Elijah or John the Baptist as well: as God said at the end of the Old Testament… When Jesus said that all things about Him written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled, He referred to the entire Hebrew Bible I have just outlined, the Psalms standing for all the Writings. (Acts 2:34, Psalm 110:1) Jesus, the Son of David, is also the Son of God, He is the Lamb of God who died for our sins, and He is the Resurrected King. The writer to the Hebrews calls Jesus our perfect High Priest, Who entered into the Holy Place of heaven with His own blood to make intercession for us. Reading Time: 8 minutes Only One Person Has Fulfilled All Old Testament Messianic Prophecy. The coming of Christ did not alter the position of the Ten Commandments in the least. Because of Adam’s sin the whole human race has been exiled from God’s presence. Abraham--Through Jesus, all people of the world are blessed. With Jerusalem’s fall and the end of Judah’s independence, it appeared that God had broken His covenant. Abraham, the Scriptures testify, believed God and it was reckoned to him as righteousness. For all the promises of God find their Yes in him. Jesus fulfilled the prophetic promise of a Messiah, but He is much more than another David ruling Israel. Seed. The writer to the Hebrews answers “No,” and shows why from the very sacrificial system of Moses. Jesus came to fulfill the predictions of the prophets, who had long foretold that a Savior would one day appear. Jesus regains Paradise. Christianity.com is a member of the Salem Web Network of sites including: Copyright © 2021, Christianity.com. Scholars differ in their answers, generally ranging from about 200 to 400. Jesus came not to destroy the Law and the Prophets but to fulfill them. He never sinned. If anything, it exalted and raised their authority (Romans 3:31). He would be like a lamb led to slaughter, and He would be buried with the rich. How did, does, and shall Jesus Christ fulfill the promises of the Old Covenant? In foretelling a Suffering Servant Messiah who would die for the sins of His people, they also promised a Messiah Who would fulfill the worship and life of Israel under Moses’ Covenant. How did, does, and shall Jesus Christ fulfill the promises of the Old Covenant? He is the King Who rules His people for God. He is the Prophet like Moses, only greater. I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright and morning star.” (Revelation 22:16) The night Jesus was born, the angel told the shepherds that he had good news for all the people: “For today in the city of David there has been born for you a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.” (Luke 2:11) God kept his covenant promise to David and fulfilled His word through Jeremiah by sending Jesus of Nazareth, the Messiah, to be Israel’s King. By being the Son of David and God’s chosen Messiah to suffer for His people, rise to life, and ascend to heaven to rule, Jesus fulfills God’s Covenant with David beyond Israel’s wildest dreams. We’ll begin with the Jewish longing for a Messiah, promised clearly by the Later Prophets. He said, “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the prophets; I did not come to abolish, but to fulfill.” (Matthew 5:17). Everything in the tabernacle is fulfilled in Him. By it, the Spirit shows men their need of Christ and drives them to Him. He is much more in three ways. Here is an irony of history. In Jesus’ day His disciples were eager to call Him King. how did Jesus fulfill the Covenant God made in the Old Testament? Paul is simply following the example of the Lord Jesus who established his teaching by quoting from the Old Testament. He came to fulfill the moral law, by yielding to it a perfect obedience, which we could never have yielded - and by paying the penalty for our breaking of it with His atoning blood, which we could never have paid. Noah--The waters now redeem us instead of destroying us. Jesus came to fulfill the predictions of the prophets, who had long foretold that a Savior would one day appear. Finally, Jesus is more than just another David because after three days He rose from the dead and ascended into heaven to rule all nations. They spoke forth the word of God as well as foretold the future. On the Day of Atonement the High Priest sprinkled blood on the Mercy Seat in the Most Holy Place. Adapted from The Gospel of Matthew by J.C. Ryle (Chapter 5). He came to fulfill the ceremonial law, by becoming the great sacrifice for sin, to which all the Old Testament offerings had ever pointed. Public Domain. But never, never let us despise it. Galatians 3:16. Jesus said that he had come to fulfill the law and the prophets. He spoke with authority as God’s own Son, a way of speaking that people marveled at. “If any man is in Christ, he is a new creature.” (II Corinthians 5:17) Jesus is the conqueror of death who has reconciled us to God and will bring us home to Him. (Deuteronomy 18:18, Acts 3:22) God’s final word to the world has come through His Son, Jesus. That story is complex. (Matthew 22:45) The Pharisees had no answer to that question: fathers do not call their sons “lord.” The answer lies in Jesus’ identity as the Son of God as well as the Son of Man. Through Jeremiah God made explicit the promise of a New Covenant to replace Moses’ Covenant. He said, “This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My blood.” (Luke 22:20) (“New covenant” translates the Greek “kaine diatheke,” a rendering preferred in modern English translations, except that the familiar “New Testament” is still used to name the Scriptures written in connection with the New Covenant.). Jesus and the Old Testament In examining the four gospels, we have a great amount of information to work with concerning Jesus’ view of the Old Testament. Paul writes, “Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. The following are scriptures and prophecies from the Old Testament that were correctly fulfilled in the first coming of Jesus Christ. We cannot be justified by it. By this Covenant God promised dominion over the earth to mankind and life everlasting in return for obedience. The Mosaic Covenant did not do away with the Covenant made with Abraham; it could not nullify a promise made already. (Habakkuk 2:4, Romans 1:17). Christ came not to destroy the old religious system but to build upon it; He came to finish the Old Covenant and establish the New. Let’s look more closely now at how Jesus fulfills God’s Covenant made through Moses. Why Did the Reformed Presbyterian Church Oppose Slavery? And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.” (John 14:2-3) No wonder the Bible ends with the words, “Amen. He came to fulfill the ceremonial law, by becoming the great sacrifice for sin, to which all the Old Testament offerings had ever pointed. But we don’t need such a tape. He is the Prophet Who speaks for God to the people. He is the Priest Who brings the people before God in worship. Isaiah foretold a Servant of the Lord Who would bring justice to the nations, Who would be a covenant to the people, Who would restore Israel’s fortunes, Who in short would be the Messiah. After God had sent Peter to Cornelius, the Holy Spirit guided the Apostles and elders to understand that Jesus’ fulfillment of Moses’ Covenant meant that sacrifice, the Temple worship, the sacraments of Passover and Circumcision, and the laws which separated Israel from the Gentiles, such as the dietary laws, were no longer necessary. Christians are happy to have Christ be their priest and sacrifice. Christians are commanded to read the Old Testament and are allowed to benefit from it, but they do not take everything in it as final. For instance, the crucifixion of Jesus was foretold in Psalm 22:16-18 approximately 1,000 years before Christ was born, long before this method of execution was even practiced. The significance of this point is primarily that it anticipates the divine origin of Jesus and serves as the basis for the … I didn't come to destroy, but to fulfill" (Matthew 5:17). Before expelling Adam from the Garden, God said, “For you are dust, and to dust you shall return.” (Genesis 3:19) But God also left Adam and Eve with hope. The revelation to his disciples about Jesus’ authority in words is now complete. How many prophecies are there in the Old Testament that were fulfilled by Jesus? The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all. Jesus is more than simply another David in a second way. Who is Jesus? Isaiah implied a life for the Suffering Servant after He died when he wrote, “But the Lord was pleased to crush Him, putting Him to grief. We have the New Testament! Second, Jesus unites in Himself the identity of all three Mediators that God established between Himself and Israel. And on either side of the river was the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of fruit, yielding its fruit every month; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. The divide of sin is great, but Jesus’ sacrifice of Love is greater. Any number of study Bibles do that quite well. Jesus fulfills God’s Covenant with Adam by perfectly obeying the Law. Founding Churches in Ottoman Empire Territory. The key word here is “fulfill.” The New Testament authors, while valuing the Old Testament as revelation, saw Jesus to be the fulfillment of that revelation. The true Christian "delights in God's law" (Romans 7:20). The misconception that Jesus did not fulfill the Messianic prophecies of the Old Testament is predominately held by Jewish People. God’s word came to Jeremiah: Thus says the Lord, “If you can break My covenant for the day, and My covenant for the night, so that day and night will not be at their appointed time, then My covenant may also be broken with David My servant that he shall not have a son to reign on his throne.” (Jeremiah 33:20-21). That is, when you have Christ, sooner or later you will have both Christ himself and all else that God promised through Christ. But Jesus’ words take priority in the Christian’s life. three persons one God. It is a symptom of an ignorant and unhealthy state of religion when the law is lightly esteemed. New and Everlasting Covenant – Communion/Eucharist The Covenants in the Old Testament kept growing until the Lord’s people had grown to a national kingdom. rabbinic. Old Testament Laws: Jesus and Laws How did Jesus fulfill the law? English-speaking Christians call the Hebrew Scriptures the “Old Testament.” A better translation of Palaia Diatheke, the name of the “Old Testament” in the original Greek, is “Old Covenant.” God made the Old, or Mosaic, Covenant with Israel at Mt. Let us never listen to those who bid us throw it aside as an obsolete, antiquated, useless book. It is God’s Covenant with Adam and his descendants which God renewed with Noah after the Flood. A sample of how Jesus taught as he revealed the depths of the Lord, ” common! In order to be saved lamb led to slaughter, and shall Jesus fulfilled! 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